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INDEX

521

Ahura Mazda (Ormuzd, or Hormuzd), i. |
in, 112,  113,  116,   117, ,n8, 189,
194,419,420,428, 515
-Ahwaz, i. 43» 44, 45, 46, 48, 277, 298,
417, 4*5, 541 i   »• 7* i sack of, 85 5
British expedition to, 454
AinTamar, i. 533
Ajami, ii. 257

v*Akaba, Gulf of, i. 418 5 ii, 19
Akbar, Moghul Emperor, ii. 248, 256
Akbar Khan, son of Dost Mohamed, ii.

436

'-Akhal Oasis, i, 330, 331
Akkad, i. 40, 42 5 meaning of, 50 j early

history, 64 et uj., 79, 83, 96, 300
Ak-Kuyunlu, or " White Sheep" Dynasty,

q,v.
Ala (Governor of the Bahrein Province),

i. 541

Alafrang, son of Gaykhatu, ii. 193
Ala Kapi («* Lofty Gate "), at Isfahan, ii.

286
Ala Kush-Tekin, chief of the White

Tartars, ii. 148
—Alamut, chief fortress of the Assassins, ii.

109, no, X20, 172

Alamut, or Alwand, Prince of the Ak-
Kuyunlu Dynasty, ii. 241
Alani, the, i. 409, 413, 439 5 ii. 166
Alaric, i. 464
Ala-u-Din, the "World-Burner," ii. 120,

121

Ala-u-Din Juwayni (historian), ii. 226
Ala-u-Din Mohamed, Shah of Khwarazm,
ii, 126,127, 128 ; pursuit and death of,

*$*~tS3

Ala-u-Dola, nephew of Ulugh Beg, ii. 218
Albania, province in the Caucasus, i. 23,

3?o» 372, 472, 5*4
Albigenses, the, i, 438
Albmus, Roman general, i. 415
Al-biruni (historian), i. 436, 437 j ii. 92,

93 footnote, 132-133
Al-Daruzi, Vizier of Hakim Biamrillah,

ii. 108
—Aleppo, i, 521; ii. 167, 175, 179, 189,

263

Alexander the Great, i. 12, 23, 30,45,65,
180, 194, 195, 207, 225, 240, 250, 251
footnote, 252, 255; quarrel with his
father, Philip of Macedon, 2565 ex-
traordinary fame of, 257 j myths con-
cerning, 258 5 youth and accession of,
258-259 5 recognised by Hellas, 259-
260 ; destruction of Thebes, 260 j cam-
paigns of, 261 et seq. j battle of the
Granicus, 264-265 ; surrender of Sardes,
265 5 campaign in Caria, Lycia, Pam-
phylia, Pisidia and Phrygia, 265-267;
battle of Issus, 267-270 j siege and cap-
ture of Tyre, 270-2715 annexation of
Egypt, 271-272 j battle of Arbela, 273-

277 ; capture of Babylon and Susa, 277;
occupation of Persepolis and Pasargadae,
277-2795 capture of Ecbatana, 279,
280 j pursuit and death of Darius Codo-
mannus, 280-282 j conquest of Hyrcania-
Parthia, and Areia, 283-2855 annexa-
tion of Sistan and march up the Hel-
mand, 285-2865 crosses Hindu Kush
and annexes Bactria, 286-287 ; captures
Bessus, 287; advance to Sir Daria,
287-2885 4nt Macedonian reverse,
288 ; capture of the Soghdian Rock,
288-289 i invasion of India, 289-290 5
battle with Porus, 290-293 5 limit of
conquest, 293-2945 expedition to the
Indian Ocean, 295-296 5 march from
the Indus to Susa, 296-298 5 voyage to
Babylon, 298-300 5 death, 300 5 char-
acter and achievements, 303-304, 305,
307, 308 j destruction of his family,
309-310 j 315, 318, 324, 325, 326, 338,
352, 357, 37i» 382, 394, 399, 4*1,4*9»
423» 45i» 454, 455,456,458» 52°, 524,
543 ; ii.44, 48,152,164,197,198,305
Alexander,  son   of  Amyntas,   King   of
Macedon, i. 202, 220, 253
Alexander, King (son of Roxana), i. 306,
310
Alexander (Satrap of Persis), i. 334
Alexander, Tsar, ii. 403
Alexander Balas (the Pretender), i. 354,
,     355
[^Alexandria, i. 271-272, 350, 389; cap-
tured by the Persians, 522-5235 be-
sieged by Omar, ii. 30 ; 32
[-"Alexandria (now Kandahar), i. 286
Alexandria (apud Caucasian], i. 286, 289
•Alexandria (modern Gulashkird), i. 298,
326
Alexandria (on the Hari Rud), i. 326
Alexandria Eschate (the modern Khojand),
1.287
Alexis, Emperor, ii. 300, 301
Alexius, Emperor, ii. 115,116
Alfred the Great, i. 186
Al-Ghazali (theologian), ii. 103; career
of, 138-139
Al Hurr, Arab chief, n. 41, 42
Ali, Caliph (son of Abu Talib), ii. n, 18,
315 elected Caliph, 33; war against
Muavia, 34-35 ; arbitration, 35 ; last
years of and assassination, 365 char-
acter, 36-375 39, 44, 45> 46, 47, 55»
57, 65, 82, 193
Ali (general in Amin's army), n. 72
Ali, Khoja, ancestor of the Safavi Dynasty,
ii. 240
Ali Asghar, son of Husayn, 11. 43
Ali Asghar Khan, Grand Vizier, ii. 485
Ali bin Buwayha, ii. 93
AH Khan, Chief of the Sarbandj, 11. 466,
467